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Linguasphere-Register
ID a Name b 8 South-America
ID a 8
Attributes
Page f 569
LSName g SOUTH-AMERICA
LSType h sector
Grouping i geo
IsNotional j no
Notes k This geosector covers 121 sets of languages (= 415 outer languages, comprising 964 inner languages) spoken or formerly spoken by traditional "Amerindian" communities across South America and southern Meso-America (since before the arrival of speakers of Indo-European languages, principally [51=] Español and Português, but also [51=] Français and [52=] English and Nederlands). 13 sets are treated within three phylozones, 80=, 82= and 88=, while the remaining 110 sets are classified geographically within seven geozones. Geozone 81= covers languages spoken by communities in southern Meso-America and parts of northern South America, and the geozones 83=, 84= and 85=, in geographic sequence, cover languages spoken by communities in the Andean regions, southward as far as Tierra del Fuego. Geozones 86=, 87= and 89= cover languages spoken by communities in the Mato Grosso, in the Amazon Basin and in northeastern Brazil. 80= CARIBIC phylozone 81= INTER-OCEAN geozone 82= ARAWAKIC phylozone 83= PRE-ANDES geozone 84= ANDES geozone 85= CHACO-CONE geozone 86= MATO-GROSSO geozone 87= AMAZON geozone 88= TUPIC phylozone 89= BAHIA geozone In spelling the reference-names of languages spoken in areas where [51=] Español is in general use, the usages of the letters /c/ or /qu/ are normally preferred to use of the letter /k/, and the usage of /ch/ to the use of /sh/. In areas where [51=] Português is in general use, the usage of the letter /x/ is preferred to use of /sh/.
Statistics
10 Zones • 121 Sets • 187 Chains • 285 Nets • 416 OuterLanguages • 964 InnerLanguages • 260 Dialects • 1151 Leaves • 77 ISO-639-Relatives
Relatives
ISO-639 A ISO-639-5-Collective-sai South American Indian
GeoEntity C Brazil | Colombia | French Guiana | Guyana | Suriname | Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of | Trinidad and Tobago
10 Nodes assigned
1 80 Caribic
2 81 Inter-Ocean
3 82 Arawakic
4 83 Pre-Andes
5 84 Andes
6 85 Chaco-Cone
7 86 Mato-Grosso
8 87 Amazon
9 88 Tupic
10 89 Bahia

Requested at 2017-12-13 17:48:09 Europe/Berlin from 54.163.61.66

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