hortensj-garden.org

A tiny knowledge park.

Options

Linguasphere-Register

1-9 of 9 matches of 32810 nodes total

Match 1
ID a & Name b 29-Y Marrawah + Kaoota
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 224
LSName h MARRAWAH + KAOOTA
LSType i set
IsNotional k yes
Notes l TASMANIAN notional set ¶ The total ethnic clearance of Tasmania was undertaken between 1805 and 1830, by speakers of [52=] English. The last 200 survivors were deported in 1829-34 to Flinders and other small offshore islands, and the last Tasmanian languages were effectively extinct before 1900 ➤ The only data are a few poorly recorded wordlists from 19th cent. and recordings of the last partial speakers in the early 20th . Degrees of relationship among Tasmanian languages and their affinities to languages of mainland Australia cannot be accurately judged, and the following classification is largely notional (and certainly simplified). It provides a framework to be checked and amplified against every surviving scrap of information on the peoples and languages of Tasmania # Reconstructed linguistic divisions have hitherto been labelled by points of the compass and foreign place-names. They are here renamed with place-names of apparent local origin.
Statistics
2 Chains • 2 Nets • 5 OuterLanguages • 18 InnerLanguages
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Australia
Match 2
ID a & Name b 29-YA Marrawah + Waratah
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 224
LSName h MARRAWAH + WARATAH
LSType i chain
IsNotional k yes
Notes l TASMANIAN-WEST
Statistics
1 Net • 2 OuterLanguages • 7 InnerLanguages
Match 3
ID a & Name b 29-YAA-a Marrawah + Temma
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 224
LSName h Marrawah + Temma
LSType i outer language
IsNotional k yes
Notes l Tasmanian-West-Coast
Scale o
Statistics
5 InnerLanguages
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Australia
Match 4
ID a & Name b 29-YAA-b Warratah + Mawbanna
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 224
LSName h Warratah + Mawbanna
LSType i outer language
IsNotional k no
Notes l Tasmanian-Northwest
Scale o
Statistics
2 InnerLanguages
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Australia
Match 5
ID a & Name b 29-YB Kaoota + Weetah
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 224
LSName h KAOOTA + WEETAH
LSType i chain
IsNotional k yes
Notes l TASMANIAN-EAST
Statistics
1 Net • 3 OuterLanguages • 11 InnerLanguages
Match 6
ID a & Name b 29-YBA-a Weetah + Winnaleah
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 224
LSName h Weetah + Winnaleah
LSType i outer language
IsNotional k yes
Notes l Tasmanian-Northeast
Scale o
Statistics
3 InnerLanguages
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Australia
Match 7
ID a & Name b 29-YBA-b Tarraleah + Triabunna
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 224
LSName h Tarraleah + Triabunna
LSType i outer language
IsNotional k no
Notes l Tasmanian-Mid-East, including "big river"
Scale o
Statistics
3 InnerLanguages
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Australia
Match 8
ID a & Name b 29-YBA-c Kaoota + Moogara
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 224
LSName h Kaoota + Moogara
LSType i outer language
IsNotional k yes
Notes l Tasmanian-Southeast
Scale o
Statistics
5 InnerLanguages
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Australia
Match 9
ID a & Name b 29= TRANSAUSTRALIA geozone
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 205
LSName h TRANSAUSTRALIA
LSType i zone
Grouping j geo
IsNotional k no
Notes l covers the "Transaustralia" reference area, composed of the "Pama-Nyungan" hypothesis (sets 29-A to 29-X, within the wider "Australian" hypothesis) plus the "Tasmanian" notional set of extinct languages (29-Y); together comprising a total of 25 sets of languages (213 outer languages) spoken or formerly spoken by small hunter-gatherer communities, originally occupying the whole of Australia and Tasmania (except the far-north, covered by geozone 28=): 29-A DJAMBARR+ DJINANG 29-B WARLPIRI+ PITJANTJA 29-C ARABANA+ YARLI 29-D MURUWARI 29-E BAAGANDJI+ MARAWARA* 29-F NGARINYERI+ YITHAYITHA 29-G WUURONG+ KOLAKNGAT 29-H NULIT+ THANG 29-I DHUDOROA 29-J PALLANGAN-MIDDANG 29-K YOTA+ YABULA 29-L WIRADHURI+ GAMILA 29-M THAWA+ WORIMI 29-N GUMBAYNGGIR+ YAYGIR 29-O BANDJALANG+ YUGUM 29-P YAGARA+GOWAR 29-Q WAGA+ GABI 29-R MARGANY+ MUNGKAN 29-S GALIBAMU 29-T LARDIL+ JAKULA 29-U KALKUTUNG+ YALARNNGA 29-V WAGAYA+ WARLUWARA 29-W WARUMUNGU 29-X ARANDA+ GAIDIDJ 29-Y MARRAWAH+ KAOOTA* The scantily documented languages of Tasmania (29-Y) were effectively extinct before 1900, and this set is therefore excluded from totals of languages spoken during the 20th cent. the Australian mainland languages covered by phylozone 29= (sets 29-A to 29-X) account for approximately one third of all outer languages which have become extinct throughout the world during the 20th century. This destruction of indigenous speech-communities has resulted from the occupation and ethnic-clearance of their traditional space, primarily by sea-borne speakers of [52=] English. Traditional speech communities in Australia were always small, and only 14 among 298 surviving outer-languages in zones 28= and 29= (marked ✓ in column 2) are likely to have totalled 1,000 or more voices each in the year 1999. The intensified study, development and teaching of those languages would appear to be an educational, scientific and cultural priority in the 21st century. Most surviving speech-communities of this zone are bilingual, with primary fluency – especially among younger speakers - in [52=] Australian creole and/or English.
Scale o 4
Statistics
25 Sets • 56 Chains • 113 Nets • 218 OuterLanguages • 547 InnerLanguages • 29 Dialects
Relatives
ISO-639 A 1 ISO-639-5-Collective-aus Australian
GeoEntity C 1 Australia

1-9 of 9 matches of 32810 nodes total

Requested by 34.239.176.54 at 2024-06-19 13:51:49 Europe/Berlin.

About