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Linguasphere-Register

1-10 of 11 matches of 32810 nodes total

Match 1
ID a & Name b 05-DAA-ae A-Songor-I
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 64
LSName h a-songor-i
LSType i inner language
IsNotional k no
Notes l songor, soungor, sungor, madungore; a-song, a-sungorung, a-zangori, assagori, assangori, a-songori, a-sungore community ⊕ Dar-Tama... Dar Masalit-N. region bilingual < [12=] 'Arabiyya
Scale o 4
Statistics
3 Dialects
Relatives
ISO-639 A 1 ISO-639-3-Language-sjg Assangori
GeoEntity C 1 Chad | Sudan
Match 2
ID a & Name b 52-AAA-ce By-Mål
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 412
LSName h by-mål
LSType i inner language
IsNotional k no
Notes l bymål, "generalised urban norwegian", including oslo "urban" # =«language of the town»; with regional variations
Relatives
ISO-639 A 1 ISO-639-1-Language-da Danish
GeoEntity C 1 Norway
Match 3
ID a & Name b 00-DBA-b Dan + Gio
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 43
LSName h Dan + Gio
LSType i outer language
IsNotional k no
Notes l including (in Côte d'Ivoire) dã; dan-mpo-me, yakouba, yacouba, yakuba, yafoba community... (in Liberia) gio, gyo, ge, geh, sa, ngèrè; ge-ma, ge-mè community # dan-mpo-me =«dan-speaking people»; yafoba <ya-po-ba=«I say that...» ⊕ Nimba+ Dang mountains... Cess valley ¶ fragmented 'clans', disrupted in Liberia by civil-war in 1990's
Scale o 6
Statistics
8 InnerLanguages • 66 Dialects
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Côte d'Ivoire | Liberia | Guinea
Match 4
ID a & Name b 52-AAA-cc Dansk-G.
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 412
LSName h dansk-G.
LSType i inner language
IsNotional k no
Notes l "generalised" dansk, "generalised danish", including københavnsk, "copenhagen urban" ➤ with regional variations
Relatives
ISO-639 A 1 ISO-639-1-Language-da Danish
GeoEntity C 1 Denmark | Faroe Islands | Greenland
Match 5
ID a & Name b 28= NORTHAUSTRALIA geozone
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 198
LSName h NORTHAUSTRALIA
LSType i zone
Grouping j geo
IsNotional k no
Notes l covers the "North-Australia" reference area (within the "Australian" hypothesis); comprising 21 sets of languages (85 outer languages) spoken or formerly spoken by hunter-gatherer communities (or descendants of former hunter-gatherers) across the far-north of Australia: 28-A BAADI+ YAWURU 28-B BUNABA+ GUNIANDI 28-C WORORA+ NGARINYIN 28-D KITJA+ MIRIWUNG 28-E DJAMINDJUNG+ NUNGALI 28-F MURRINHPATHA+ NANGIOMERI* 28-G KUNGARAKANY 28-H LARAGIA+ WULNA 28-I TIWI 28-J UMBUGARLA+ BUGUNIDJA* 28-K GAGADU 28-L ERRE+ MANGERR 28-M IWAIDJA+ AMARAG 28-N DJEEBBANA+ GUJINGALIA 28-O WAGEMAN+ GUNWINGGU 28-P ANINDILYAKWA 28-Q ALAWA+ GARYIMAR 28-R YANYUWA 28-S JINGILI+ WAMBAYA 28-T GARAWA+ WANJI 28-U MINGIN Only 14 among 298 surviving outer-languages in zones 28= and 29= (marked ✓) are likely to have totalled 1,000 or more voices each in 1999: see note under geozone 29=.
Scale o 3
Statistics
21 Sets • 38 Chains • 58 Nets • 85 OuterLanguages • 119 InnerLanguages
Relatives
ISO-639 A 1 ISO-639-5-Collective-aus Australian
GeoEntity C 1 Australia
Match 6
ID a & Name b 05-AAA-e Runga + Aykin
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 63
LSName h Runga + Aykin
LSType i outer language
IsNotional k no
Notes l ⊕ Dar-Rounga region
Scale o 4
Statistics
3 InnerLanguages • 1 ISO-639-Relative
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Chad | Sudan | Central African Republic
Match 7
ID a & Name b 05-AAA-ea Runga-A.
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 63
LSName h runga-A.
LSType i inner language
IsNotional k no
Notes l runga "proper"; rounga, roungo, runga community ⊕ Dar-Rounga region
Relatives
ISO-639 A 1 ISO-639-3-Language-rou Runga
GeoEntity C 1 Chad | Sudan | Central African Republic
Match 8
ID a & Name b 05-DAA-aa Tamo-Ngo'Bo
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 64
LSName h tamo-ngo'bo
LSType i inner language
IsNotional k no
Notes l tama, tamo-k community; tamo-t person ⊕ Dar-Tama-N. region
Scale o 4
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Chad | Sudan
Match 9
ID a & Name b 9= TRANSAFRICAN phylosector
Attributes
Page g 622
LSName h TRANSAFRICAN
LSType i sector
Grouping j phylo
IsNotional k no
Notes l This phylosector covers 60 sets of languages (= 802 outer languages, composed of 2,816 inner languages) spoken by communities across the African continent south of the Sahara, from Senegal to South Africa, constituting the Transafrican ("old Niger-Congo less Mande" or "Atlantic-Congo") continental affinity. The dimensions and nature of a more extensive "Niger-Kordofanian" (or "new Niger-Congo") hypothesis are uncertain, and the additional sets involved have been classified within the 0=African geosector (see 00=Mandic and 06=Kordofanic). This phylosector is named Transafrican (rather than "Atlantic-Congo" or "old Niger-Congo less Mande") to maintain the broad geographic nomenclature of all ten sectors of the linguasphere, representing intercontinental or continental entities in each case. Zones 90= to 93= cover languages spoken by communities westwards from Senegal through the northern interior of West and Central Africa as far as northern Congo/Zaire and southern Sudan. 90=ATLANTIC (northern West Atlantic) 91=VOLTAIC (Gur) 92=ADAMAWIC 93=UBANGIC (Eastern) Zones 94= to 97= cover languages spoken by communities westwards from Guinea through the coastal regions of West Africa as far as the Niger Delta. 94=MELIC (southern West Atlantic) 95=KRUIC (Kru) 96=AFRAMIC (western Kwa) 97=DELTIC (Niger-Delta) Zones 98= and 99= cover languages spoken through Nigeria and across the whole continent as far as Tanzania and South Africa. 98=BENUIC (eastern Kwa) 99=BANTUIC (Bantu including Bantoid) The name "Transafrican" is also introduced in the Register as an appropriate label for the continental affinity to which all the languages covered by phylozone 9= belong, by definition. The use of this term provides an escape from the now confusing succession of shifting and overlapping classificatory names, created during the second half of the 20th century from combinations of the river-name Congo (old "Niger-Congo", "new Niger-Congo", "Congo-Kordofanian", "Atlantic-Congo", "Volta-Congo", "Benue-Congo", etc.). It marks a clear boundary between this undisputed affinity (known most recently in the literature as "Atlantic-Congo") and its more speculative enlargements to embrace also the Mande and "Kordofanian" languages (which are treated in the Register under geosector 0=). Although the overall relationship of the languages covered by this phylosector is not in question, the boundaries among certain of their conventional 'branches' (treated here as phylozones) should be regarded as referential rather than historical (see note below on zones 90=, 91=, 92=, 96=, 98= and 99=). Sets of languages covered by zones 90=Atlantic and 97=Deltic are less closely related to other sets in the "Transafrican" affinity than the latter (collectively labelled "Volta-Congo") are among themselves. The external unity of the inter-related sets within each of the zones 90=Atlantic, 91=Voltaic, 92=Adamawic and 96=Aframic (West-Kwa) (among themselves, as potential groupings within the Transatlantic affinity) has not been established, and the sequence of sets covered by each of thes e zones is therefore more safely described as a reference area. The extensive sequence of sets covered by the pair of zones 98=Benuic and 99=Bantuic is likewise treated in the Register as a reference area.
Scale o 7
Statistics
10 Zones • 60 Sets • 143 Chains • 340 Nets • 802 OuterLanguages • 2813 InnerLanguages • 1776 Dialects • 152 ISO-639-Relatives
Match 10
ID a & Name b 05-IAA-cc Turuj
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 67
LSName h turuj
LSType i inner language
IsNotional k no
Notes l dar-el-kabira ⊕ Dar-el-Kabira region
Statistics
3 Dialects
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Sudan

1-10 of 11 matches of 32810 nodes total

Requested by 3.235.137.159 at 2020-09-20 09:17:17 Europe/Berlin.

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