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1-10 of 83 matches of 32810 nodes total

Match 1
ID a & Name b 29-BHC-ab Adjabdurah
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 211
LSName h adjabdurah
LSType i inner language
IsNotional k no
Notes l adjahdurah
Scale o 0
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Australia
Match 2
ID a & Name b 96-JBA-a Ago
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 665
LSName h Ago
LSType i outer language
IsNotional k no
Notes l ⊕ Bogo-Ahlon canton: Bogo-Ahlon... Illogo... Dénou... Tinipé... Ounadjassi bilingual < [96=] Ewe
Scale o 3
Statistics
1 InnerLanguage
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Togo
Match 3
ID a & Name b 96-MAA-ea Aja-Gbe
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 666
LSName h aja-gbe
LSType i inner language
IsNotional k no
Notes l adja, adya
Statistics
4 Dialects
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Togo | Benin
Match 4
ID a & Name b 87= AMAZON geozone
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 607
LSName h AMAZON
LSType i zone
Grouping j geo
IsNotional k no
Notes l covers the "Amazon" reference area, composed of sets not covered by any phylozone; comprising 22 sets of languages (= 55 outer languages) spoken by communities in the Amazon basin of South America: 87-A AMIKOANA* 87-B IAPAMA 87-C ARUTANI+ SAPÉ 87-D NANOMAM+ NINAM 87-E HOTÍ 87-F PIAROA+ SÁLIBA 87-G GUAHIBO+ CUIBA 87-H PUINAVE 87-I CACUA+ NADËB* 87-J TINGUA+ PAMIGUA 87-K CUBEO+ DAHSEYÉ 87-L ABISHIRA 87-M TICUNA 87-N XIRIÂNA 87-O MUNICHE 87-P CAPANÁ+ PAUMARI* 87-Q NEREYAMA* 87-R PIRAHÃ + MATANAUI 87-S BARA 87-T HIMARIMA 87-U KARAHAWYANA 87-V WERIDJAPÁ + HEWADIE 87-W PAPAVÓ including (with zone 81=) a number of languages sometimes known as 'macú', 'makú', 'maco', an unscientific term applied by outsiders to certain indigenous communities in the interior of Colombia and Venezuela, and in adjacent Brazil
Scale o 5*
Statistics
22 Sets • 27 Chains • 35 Nets • 55 OuterLanguages • 122 InnerLanguages • 49 Dialects • 6 ISO-639-Relatives
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Brazil | Colombia | Peru | Venezuela | Ecuador
Match 5
ID a & Name b 60= ARCTIC phylozone
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 478
LSName h ARCTIC
LSType i zone
Grouping j phylo
IsNotional k no
Notes l covers the "West Arctic", Inuit+Aleut ("Eskimo"+Aleut) or Attu+ Kalaallisut set; comprising 1 set of languages (= 14 outer languages) spoken by scattered hunting & fishing communities in northern North America and adjacent tip of Siberia, from Bering Straits to Greenland: 60-A ATTU+ KALAALLISUT
Scale o 5
Statistics
1 Set • 2 Chains • 4 Nets • 14 OuterLanguages • 36 InnerLanguages • 33 Dialects • 17 ISO-639-Relatives
Relatives
ISO-639 A 1 ISO-639-5-Collective-esx Eskimo-Aleut
GeoEntity C 1 Canada | Greenland | Russia | United States
Match 6
ID a & Name b 2= AUSTRALASIA geosector
Attributes
Page g 123
LSName h AUSTRALASIA
LSType i sector
Grouping j geo
IsNotional k no
Notes l This geosector covers 223 sets of languages (1167 outer languages, composed of 2258 inner languages) spoken or formerly spoken by communities in Australasia in a geographic sequence from Maluku and the Lesser Sunda islands through New Guinea and its adjacent islands, and throughout the Australian mainland to Tasmania. They comprise all languages ofAustralasia (Oceania) not covered by phylosectors 3=Austronesian or 5=Indo-European.Zones 20= to 24= cover all so-called "Papuan" languages, spoken on Maluku and the Lesser Sunda islands and the NewGuinea mainland, which have been previously treated within the "Trans-New Guinea" hypothesis: 20= ARAFURA geozone 21= MAMBERAMO geozone 22= MANDANGIC phylozone 23= OWALAMIC phylozone 24= TRANSIRIANIC phylozoneZones 25= to 27= cover all other so-called "Papuan" languages, on the New Guinea mainland, Bismarck archipelago, NewBritain, New Ireland and Solomon islands, which have not been treated within the "Trans-New Guinea" hypothesis: 25= CENDRAWASIH geozone 26= SEPIK-VALLEY geozone 27= BISMARCK-SEA geozoneZones 28= to 29= cover all languages spoken traditionally across the Australian mainland, on the offshore Elcho, Howard,Crocodile and Torres Strait islands (excluding Darnley island), and formerly on the island of Tasmania. An "Australian" hypothesis covers all these languages, excluding the extinct and little known languages of Tasmania, comprising (1.) an areaof more diffuse and complex relationships in the extreme north, covered here by geozone 28=, and (2.) a more closelyrelated affinity (Pama+ Nyungan) throughout the rest of Australia, covered by 24 of the 25 sets of phylozone 29=. Therelationships within the "Australian" and component "Pama+ Nyungan" hypotheses may be due as much to diffusion overtens of thousands of years as to inheritance from common prehistorical sources: 28= NORTH-AUSTRALIA geozone 29= TRANSAUSTRALIA geozone
Statistics
10 Zones • 223 Sets • 477 Chains • 789 Nets • 1168 OuterLanguages • 2238 InnerLanguages • 108 Dialects • 15 ISO-639-Relatives
Match 7
ID a & Name b 29-QBA-ab Badjala
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 216
LSName h badjala
LSType i inner language
IsNotional k no
Notes l ⊕ Fraser island
Scale o 0
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Australia
Match 8
ID a & Name b 29-CCA-ag Badjiri
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 212
LSName h badjiri
LSType i inner language
IsNotional k no
Notes l baderi, badjari, byjerri ⊕ Paroo middlevalley... Warrego middle valley: Cunnamulla
Scale o 0
Relatives
GeoEntity C 1 Australia
Match 9
ID a & Name b 99= BANTUIC phylozone
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 690
LSName h BANTUIC
LSType i zone
Grouping j phylo
IsNotional k no
Notes l covers the "broad Bantu", "narrow Bantu+ Bantoid" or Isizulu+ Tiv set (the central-southern section of "old Benue-Congo") within the "Volta-Congo" affinity, within the wider "Transafrican" continental affinity; comprising 1 set of languages (= 259 outer-languages), spoken by communities throughout a major part of Africa south of the Sahara, from the Jos Plateau and Cameroon Highlands eastwards and southwards to the Indian Ocean and South Atlantic coasts: 99-A ISIZULU+ TIV including 1 arterial language: Kiswahili (Swahili) A continuum of relationships among languages covered by phylozones 98=Benuic and 99=Bantuic passes through the transitional languages of the [98=] Junaare+ Tagbo (Mambila+ Samba-Daka) chain. The “Wider Bantu" or Isizulu+Tiv set contains the largest group of closely related languages in the world, in terms of the number of idioms within a single set. Any sequential listing represents an over-simplification of the internal geographic links which bind adjacent languages more or less closely together in all directions, but the sequence imposed below is designed to lead the user through the increasingly close-knit relationships within this set, as one moves from West Africa towards Southern Africa. The languages of this phylozone and set, especially in Cameroon and parts of adjacent countries, illustrate how the linguasphere continues to operate as a fluid continuum, linguistic differences accumulating over long distances as one moves from community to community, but without the continuum of inter-intelligibility among neighbouring communities being interrupted severely along any consistent divide. In this situation, the classification of adjacent languages and dialects is often guided by local perceptions of ethno-linguistic identity. Wherever relevant, references to the Guthrian codes for "narrow" Bantu, e.g. bantu-A11, are included in column 3 below. The convention of an initial "widowed" hyphen has been employed in column 3, for this zone only, to facilitate the recording of linguistic and ethnic names without their traditional prefix. In the conventional citation of the names of Bantu languages in other sources, prefixes are sometimes distinguished by deferring the upper-case initial letter to the beginning of the stem, e.g. isiZulu. In the Linguasphere Register, this typographical device is employed for the citation of the reference names of outer-languages, in bold-type in columns 2 and 3, but only from chain [99=-AP] onwards (since separation of prefix from stem is less straight-forward in the languages of West Africa listed to that point).
Scale o 8
Statistics
1 Set • 21 Chains • 88 Nets • 259 OuterLanguages • 1239 InnerLanguages • 1159 Dialects • 91 ISO-639-Relatives
Relatives
ISO-639 A 1 ISO-639-5-Collective-bnt Bantu
GeoEntity C 1 Botswana | Cameroon | Central African Republic | Comoros | Republic of the Congo | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Gabon | Kenya | Lesotho | Malawi | Mayotte | Mozambique | Namibia | Nigeria | Rwanda | Somalia | South Africa | Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe
Match 10
ID a & Name b 87-UBB Bendjapá + Txunhuãdja
Attributes
Zone f pdf
Page g 613
LSName h BENDJAPÁ + TXUNHUÃDJA
LSType i net
IsNotional k no
Notes l CANAMARÍ
Statistics
1 OuterLanguage • 3 InnerLanguages

1-10 of 83 matches of 32810 nodes total

Requested by 54.167.112.42 at 2018-11-16 23:40:47 Europe/Berlin.

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